Anxiety disorders are a group of mental illnesses, and it can keep you away from carrying on with your life normally. Anxiety affects 40 million people in the U.S and more than 10 million cases in India per year. It is the most common mental disorder in America, and only 36.9% of people receive this treatment.
According to WHO,10% of the world’s population is affected, and mental disorders account for 30% of the global non-fatal disease burden.
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Types of anxiety disorder
- Panic disorder
- Social anxiety disorder(Social phobia)
- Generalized anxiety disorder(GAD)
1. Panic disorder
Panic disorder is a very harmful and severe type of anxiety disorder that causes a recurrent unexpected panic attack and an uncontrollable feeling of anxiety with a range of physical symptoms.
2. Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder in which the individual may experience fear of certain social situations, being criticized, humiliated, embarrassed in every situation.
3. Generalized anxiety disorder
People with generalized anxiety disorder display major anxiety of worry, most days for at least six months, about several things such as work, personal health, school, and social interaction without a little or no reason.
Symptoms of anxiety disorder
Common anxiety symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Increased irritability
- Not being able to still and calm
- Difficulty in controlling worry
- Feeling tired
- Increasing heartbeat
What causes anxiety disorder?
The causes of anxiety disorder are not fully understood. A physical and mental condition may cause an anxiety disorder. The condition may be developed by an asthma attack, anaemia, infection, and heart problems are just a few examples of anxiety disorder.
Some common causes of anxiety disorder are classified as a number of mental disorders.
1. Medical causes
Some medical conditions lead to an anxiety disorder like side effects of medication, symptoms of disease or stress. In some cases, anxiety signs and symptoms are the first indicators of medical illness.
Some example of medical causes:
- Heart disease
- Thyroid problems
- Drug misuse
- Thyroid problems
According to the Research having a family member with anxiety increases the more chances of developing an anxiety disorder and in some families, there are also the possibilities of learning anxious responses from family members with anxiety.
3. Environmental factors
Environmental factors are also the cause of the anxiety disorder. Stress from a job, personal relationship, Financial issues can contribute to the primary cause of anxiety.
These factors may include risk factors
- Stress due to illness: Having a serious health condition and disease can cause significant worry.
- Personality: Having certain personality types are more likely to cause anxiety disorders.
- Drugs or alcohol: Drug or alcohol misuse can cause higher anxiety.
When should I seek treatment?
When the symptoms of anxiety and having a detrimental impact on your day -to day activities, it’s essential to get treatment.
Treatments of anxiety disorder:
In some cases, a person can manage their anxiety problems at home without medical treatment, and it may consume limited time compared to other treatments to find out this problem.
Doctors recommend several physical exercises and techniques to cope up with anxiety disorder including:
Stress management- In which we often combine breathing and physical exercises and focused attention to calm our body and mind. This type of treatment can be an essential component in treating panic disorder.
Relaxation technique- Certain combinations of physical postures, meditation, yoga, deep breathing exercises, long baths can help to reduce signs of anxiety.
Supporting network- Talk to that person who is supportive, either be your family member or friend. Avoid suppressing an anxious feeling this can be worsened anxiety disorders.
Physical exercise- Physical exercise can improve the self -image releases in the brain and give positive feelings.
In some cases, medication is very helpful in controlling an anxiety disorder.
Some types of medication can support the treatment of an anxiety disorder:
Antidepressants: Most commonly use medication techniques to manage anxiety disorder. Antidepressants are used to treat anxiety over a long period which affects serotonin, norepinephrine and other neurotransmitters in the brain. Some examples of antidepressants and used to treat anxiety disorder include escitalopram (Lexapro), duloxetine (Cymbalta), venlafaxine (Effexor XR) and paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva).
Benzodiazepines: Benzodiazepines gives relief from anxiety symptoms. These drugs tend not to cause any side effects except for downiness and possible dependency.
Counseling and therapy: Quality treatment for anxiety disorder, including counseling and therapy. CBT goal to identify and change the harmful patterns that can set off an anxiety disorder and distorted thinking and reduce the beliefs, behaviors that lead to anxiety symptoms.
There are many ways to reduce the risk and symptoms of anxiety. Prevention of anxiety necessarily involves an awareness of life stress and your ability to cope with them.
Some are the following steps to help anxiety symptoms:
- Reduce the intake of caffeine, tea, chocolate
- Regular exercise
- Take a proper healthy diet.
- Avoid alcohol, smoking, and other drugs
- Keep a regular sleep pattern
Anxiety is treatable if the right doctor, right place treats you. If you and your family members have anxiety, stress, then you should consult the best psychiatrist doctor in Jaipur. Dr. Sanjay Jain provides the best treatment of all mental disorders like depression, OCD.