The writing section in the PTE exam tests your writing skills which include correct use of grammar, punctuations, sentence formation and maintaining a flow that keeps the reader engaged. If you are not a native speaker, you might face a few issues with writing polished content. There are different elements required to frame good sentences. One of these is the use of proper conjunctions. Conjunctions are linking words that join other words, phrases sentences together. They help to convert a simple sentence into a complex one. This article will tell you everything about conjunctions and how to use them to frame sentences. Try to follow these tips to frame sentences during the PTE practice test and see how your score gets improved.
Types of Conjunctions and how to use them
There are four types of conjunctions. These are:
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Correlative Conjunctions
- Adverbial Conjunctions
1. Coordinating Conjunctions
This type of conjunctions joins two independent clauses. You should use a comma with a coordinating conjunction. The most commonly used You can easily remember them with a pneumonic ‘FANBOYS’.
You use ‘For’ when you want to explain a reason or state a purpose. ‘And’ is used to add a phrase or clause to another one. ‘Nor’ is used to add a negative thought to an existing negative one. ‘But’ is used to show contrast.
‘Or’ is used to give an alternative thought to an existing positive alternative. ‘Yet’ will help you give a contrasting idea to a logical idea. ‘So’ is used for a result or consequence of a situation.
Example: Apple and orange are fruits.
I don’t like apples nor do I like oranges.
Do you have apples or oranges?
I love to have oranges but due to fever, I can’t have it.
It was getting late so we went home.
Try to use coordinating conjunctions while framing sentences in your PTE exam. They will help you to get more points.
Subordinating conjunctions helps to connect a dependent clause with an independent one. The commonly used subordination conjunctions are because, though, until, once, when, since, while, where, although. These show relation in time, place or condition.
Example: I took medicines because I am sick.
Although it was getting late, we stayed back to cut the cake.
He was sleeping while it was raining.
Though they were not rich, they donated to the charity.
I loved pandas since I was a kid.
Make use of subordinating conjunctions on your PTE practice test and see how your score gets improved.
These are paired conjunctions that are used together. The most commonly used correlative conjunctions are neither/nor, either/or, not only/but also.
Examples: Either Tina or Ravi cook the meals.
I neither like coffee nor tea.
He is not only smart but also funny.
Make use of correlative conjunctions on the PTE exam so you get a better score in the writing section.
Adverbial Conjunctions links two different ideas or sentences with each other. While separating an idea thought, a semicolon is required before the conjunction and a comma is required after the adverbial conjunction. The most commonly used adverbial conjunctions are: therefore, however, thus, then, in other words, otherwise, on the other hand, nevertheless, in fact.
Example: Amanda pays me $1000; on the other hand, Susan pays $1100.
It was a clear sky; however, it started raining.
He was a good person; in fact, he respected every human being.
Try using some of the adverbial conjunction while taking the PTE practice test so you get thorough with how to use them and manage to get a better score on the PTE exam.
Can you start a sentence with a conjunction?
When we were in school, many of us were taught that you cannot begin a sentence with a conjunction that is wrong. This is just a myth. Subordination conjunction can be used to begin a sentence if a dependent clause is used before the independent clause.
This is usually used to add emphasis.
But be careful about the fact that if you begin too many sentences with conjunctions then the content will lose the charm.